عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the famous divisions in the tradition of Peripatetic philosophy, rooted in Aristotle’s texts, is the division of wisdom into practical and theoretical, and Avicenna, in line with this tradition, introduces this division in his works. But the question of the nature of normative (moral/practical) propositions is controversial. Some commentators consider practical wisdom as belonging to practical intellect and non-cognitive and others, by accepting this belonging, consider it cognitive. There is no agreement in this second category: some claim that propositions of practical wisdom are based on accepted belief and the product of rational construction and the result of the dialectical method, while others consider these propositions to be the product of demonstration; so, they interpret practical propositions realistically. At the same time, practical wisdom is considered a field independent of theoretical wisdom. In this essay, after critical consideration of the first two views, the possibility of two types of realistic interpretations of the nature of practical wisdom from Avicenna’s point of view will be distinguished from each other: according to the first interpretation, practical wisdom is a field independent of theoretical wisdom and has its own principles; then, by criticizing this interpretation, the possibility of the second realist interpretation is defended. Accordingly, propositions of practical reason firstly have a cognitive aspect; secondly, are the result of demonstration and are mind-independent; thirdly, they belong to theoretical reason and are included under theoretical wisdom, in such a way that practical wisdom is dependent on theoretical wisdom in its principles and does not have its own self-evident principles.